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Under international law, Sikhs have the right to self-determination and realization of their right through democratic means of Referendum on the basis that:

  • According to the UN Charter and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) "all peoples have right of self-determination" and have the right to freely decide their political status. (Article 1 of UN Charter and Article 1 of ICCPR)

  • Under UN laws and treaties, Sikhs qualify as "people" on the basis of separate religious identity (Sikhism); cultural heritage and a distinct language - Punjabi.

  • Under Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), it is the fundamental human right of all people to organize and participate in peaceful, non-violent political activities such as holding and organizing referendum to decide their political status. 

  • Since 1947, Sikhs in India are denied separate religious identity in Explanation II of the Article 25(b) of the Constitution of India which labels "Sikhs" as "Hindus".

  • In June 1984 Operation Blue Star, the Sri Darbar Sahib (Golden Temple) was attacked by the Indian Army resulting in the desecration and destruction of the Sri Akal Takhat Sahib and massacre of thousands of pilgrims. 

  • In November 1984, Sikhs were subjected to genocidal attacks throughout India in which over 30,000 were killed, thousands of Sikh women were raped, Sikh places of worship were burnt and over 300,000 were displaced.

  • For decades, economic and natural resources particularly the river waters of Punjab - the homeland of Sikhs - has been illegally snatched and given to other states by the Indian Government resulting in the catastrophe on the agriculture and farming in Punjab. During past two decades over 60,000 farmers of Punjab have committed suicide because due to paucity of water they could not grow enough to pay back their loans.


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